In anatomy diaphragms are connective structures which have as their purpose to delimit...
2020-06-30 16:47:15
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In addition to the thoracic diaphragm there are four others, vediamoli in detail

In anatomy diaphragms are connective structures which have as their purpose to delimit contiguous cavity, or a cavity with the external environment. The interesting aspect biomechanical of each diaphragm is the transfer of forces and pressures from an environment to another, is a regulator of internal pressures. Coordinates in a dynamic way the forces acting in the various environments in order to maintain the balance that ensures correct functionality biochemistry and biomechanics of tissues and organs included in the respective cavities. This function performs the absorbing and concentrating on itself the tensions and tractions of contiguous tissues, modifying, if necessary, its structure in order to preserve those organs which delimits.
In osteopathy are recognized five diaphragms:
1) Diaphragm cranial represented by the reciprocal tension membranes
2) upper thoracic diaphragm
3) thoracic diaphragm
4) Diaphragm pelvic
5) diaphragm breech
6) diaphragm cranial
for cranial diaphragm means all that set of durameriche expansions that separate the cerebral hemispheres, the cerebellum, and the latter the cerebral hemispheres. Among the cerebral hemispheres is the scythe of the brain, including the cerebellar hemispheres is the scythe of the cerebellum and the separation between the brain and the cerebellum is determined by the tentorium. The dural membranes descend towards the bottom and surround and fit to the magnum hole and the first two cervical vertebrae. The diaphragm separates the cranial cavity of the upper cranial loggia from the bottom with the magnum hole and the first cervical. The dysfunctions durameriche the reciprocal tension membranes as well as affect the dynamic Craniosacral, have repercussions on the bulb-troncular tract and thus indirectly on the reticular substance with everything that follows.
upper thoracic diaphragm
is composed of the pleural dome and its suspensory apparatus that fits at the level of the first rib and the last cervical vertebrae.
It connects the upper thoracic cavity with the external environment. The splitting aponeurotic that envelops the stellate ganglion and is leaning against the body and the transverse wing of the first and the last dorsal cervical, and is also contiguous to the dome pleural. If the first rib and the aperture of the upper thoracic duct are dysfunction connective bioelletrica the activity of this very important sympathetic station is significantly perturbed together with the cercvico-dorsal functionality and shoulder girdle.
thoracic diaphragm
Vertebral insertion is characterized by pillars that attach to the first three lumbar vertebrae. The insertions from L1 to L3 are tendinous formations from which the posterior muscle masses of the diaphragm and will continue with other fibrous lateral formations that connect to the last two coasts: the arches are psoas and quadratus lumborum. From the hole passes the homonymous aortic artery just below the dome diaphragmatic sends his side: the celiac artery, mesenteric arteries and kidney. The aorta is slightly shifted to the left with respect to the spine, and leaning against celiac artery and mesenteric are allocated semilunar and mesenteric ganglia which together with the anastomosis go form the celiac plexus or solar. All this formation is closely related to the dynamics of the diaphragmatic pillars (the semilunar ganglion is in correspondence with L2) for which a connective voltage at this level has the almost systematic effects on nerve function of the solar plexus. Moreover, if the connective tissue dysfunction affects one pillar, the corresponding emicupola will suffer functionally, while the entire diaphragm will be subject to a biomechanics in torsion.
pelvic diaphragm
the various planes of the perineal muscles form a veritable lower diaphragm that on the floor of the pressure distribution abdominopelvic, works in close synergy with the thoracic diaphragm. It puts in relation the pelvic cavity with the external environment. Some muscles, like the levator and ischiococcigeo, are connected with the coccyx bone there in front of this ganglion learn Luschka, or sacrococcygeal. In addition, lying on the pelvic diaphragm there is the ganglion hypogastric, whereby the tensions and of the connective tissue dysfunctions of the perineum may affect not only the biomechanics of the pelvis and abdomen (think of all the problems ptosiche rectal, vaginal and other viscera and incontinence disorders), but they raise also implicated in neurodegenerative disruption of the basin.
Diaphragm The diaphragm breech, puts in contact the sole of the foot with the external environment: the soil. The concept of the diaphragm in this case is a bit 'extended, but a similar vision opens to solutions and an understanding of the breech in the context of dynamic really surprising kinetic schemes.
The foot during the phase of the carrier step behaves like a propeller that unfolds and wraps along its longitudinal axis, with a fixed point on the ground on the metatarsal heads. In the phase of unwinding the propeller loses its twist and flattens with the most free of skeletal structures move, the more elastic foot, suitable to the initial phase of the support on the ground to analyze the type of soil and provide the necessary information to the CNS for the execution of the step bearing. Winding its articular structures stiffen in order to ensure the propulsive thrust: the propeller twists increasing the cavus plantar.