The cranio-sacral system is constituted by the bones of the skull, from the spine and from the meninges, contains and surrounds the cerebrospinal fluid.
Such a system has its own motility with its cyclical and frequency characteristics for which it has been defined as "the PRM" or more simply "cranio-sacral rhythm."
This rhythm is in physiology varies between 8-12 cycles per minute alternating a phase of "inspiration" or "bending" of the skull and a phase of "espirarzione" or
"extension" of the skull.
This rhythm is "heard" by the osteopath placing his hands on the patient's skull, thanks to a strong sensibility that developed during training.
If the mobility of the bones of the skull or skull-sacral rhythm undergo variations, it occurs a negative effect on nerve structures and as a result certain functions of the body can cause alterations. The cranio-sacral therapy aims to restore the rhythm. Therefore, the cranio-sacral treatment is a method that can improve various disorders, such as migraine, pains in the column, learning and behavioral disorders, post-traumatic and emotional problems.
In osteopathy is defined as "dysfunction" the alteration of the physiological mobility of a part of the body. The osteopath "listens" to the tissues and detects the movement of the different structures, in relation to each other, and the malleability intra-bones; any modification of one of these elements determines a cranio-sacral dysfunction.
The causes of craniosacral dysfunction during fetal life can be:
pathological uterus (intra-uterine space too small does not allow a correct development of the fetus)
imbalance of the pelvis maternal
twin pregnancy (one of the twins may undergo a cranial compression caused by the feet of the other etc.)
early commitment (a compressive force is maintained on the part of the engaged skull, generally on time. If this phase of engagement is important is a possible compression of spheno-basilar symphysis).
The causes of craniosacral dysfunction during birth:
the expulsion of the head
the expulsion of the body
the child, in the first months of life, may suffer different traumas that produce dysfunction. The falls are the most common etiology and since ossification is not finished, they can cause "intraosseous lesions." The cranial growth during the first year, depends greatly on the growth of the brain. Neurological injuries can curb cranial movements. The head injury may affect the nervous system. Similarly, they may influence the development of sensory functions, such as sight and hearing.
Indications for osteopathic treatment in newborns and children are:
the congenital torticollis
column problems, kypho-scoliotic attitude etc.
scoliosis of the child • the problems of the lower limbs:
varus valgus flat foot
◦ ◦ claw foot
delayed motor development
nervous system disorders: strabismus
◦ ◦ ◦ swallowing problems
regurgitation, colic, constipation
◦ muscles of the head and neck region
◦ traction language
constant crying, tremors, irritability, sleep disturbances
of writing problems
sphere ORL problems (otorino- laringoiatrici)
salivary function, nasal, lacrimal
problems of sucking
trauma from falls or accidents